Some Pennsylvanians develop bone tumors of the feet. While malignant tumors of the feet are rare, they are aggressive forms of cancer and must be promptly treated. Delays in the diagnoses may cause worsened prognoses while subjecting the victims to more extensive treatments.
Cancer screening procedures in Pennsylvania and in the rest of the country fall into two categories: imaging testing and tissue testing. An imaging test could be an ultrasound, an X-ray, an MRI, a CT scan or a PET scan. A tissue test is usually a type of biopsy after which the sample collected by the doctor is examined in a lab. In either case, patients need to know what kinds of substances and waves will be used in the procedures.
Squamous cell carcinoma is a common form of skin cancer for Pennsylvania patients. It tends to stay on the top layer of skin for long periods of time, but will eventually invade deeper tissues if left untreated. In rare cases, the disease may spread to other organs of the body, placing a patient's life in danger.
Pennsylvania doctors can diagnose cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus in different ways. They can also conduct tests to determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the patient's body. A biopsy is used to determine if cancer is a in a specific area of the body. It entails obtaining a small amount of tissue to have it examined in a laboratory. Biopsies can be used for a majority of cancers, but other means may be recommended if it is impossible to perform the procedure.
Many Pennsylvanians who struggle with their weight may face fat-shaming. Unfortunately, this negative behavior often occurs in doctors' offices. This type of biased treatment may have harmful effects on their mental and physical well-being.
Pennsylvania patients who regularly have their blood pressure checked with a manual device may be at risk for a high blood pressure misdiagnosis. If patients are prescribed medication after being misdiagnosed, they may suffer from side effects without getting any benefits.
Some Pennsylvania patients who are told they have fibromyalgia might be misdiagnosed. A doctor might diagnose fibromyalgia when a patient has nonspecific pain even though the pain might be related to other conditions.
Cancer in its many forms touches the lives of many Pennsylvanians either through direct experience or relationships with people who have the disease. The news that U.S. Senator John McCain has brain cancer prompted one writer to reflect upon how the disease altered her perspective on life.
For Pennsylvania men with early-stage prostate cancer, surgery often offers little benefit if any at all, according to results of a long-term study. In fact, these procedures have often caused major complications and worsened medical conditions with side effects like infection, erectile dysfunction or urinary incontinence.
Pennsylvania residents who have been diagnosed with endometriosis may be interested to learn that doctors could potentially identify and use biomarkers to make early diagnoses and potentially even prescribe a treatment for the disease. Two of the possible biomarkers were identified as CA-125 and miRNAs.